Sunday, March 31, 2013

Saturday, March 30, 2013

Happy Easter!

Because I live, you also will live. 

- John 14:19... 

This Easter, rejoice in the promise of new life in our Lord, Jesus Christ.

Happy Easter!

Friday, March 29, 2013

It's Good Friday today: The Way of the Cross...

Just STUDY this today...









Jesus is condemned to death. 
Jezus skazany na śmierć.


Jesus carries his cross.
Jezus bierze krzyż na swe ramiona.


Jesus falls the first time.
Pierwszy upadek Jezusa.


Jesus meets His mother.
Jezus spotyka swoją matkę.


Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the cross.
Szymon Cyrenejczyk pomaga nieść krzyż Jezusowi.


Veronica wipes the face of Jesus.
Św. Weronika ociera twarz Jezusa.

 

Jesus falls the second time.
Jezus upada pod krzyżem po raz drugi.


Jesus meets the women of Jerusalem.
Jezus pociesza płaczące niewiasty.


Jesus falls the third time.
Trzeci upadek Jezusa.


Jesus' clothes are taken away.
Jezus z szat obnażony.


Crucifixion: Jesus is nailed to the cross.
Jezus przybity do krzyża.

 

Jesus dies on the cross.
Jezus umiera na krzyżu.


Jesus is taken down from the cross.
Jezus zdjęty z krzyża.


Jesus is laid in the tomb.
Jezus złożony do grobu.



Thursday, March 28, 2013

Rozmowa wstępna na maturze z jęz. angielskiego. Przykłady pytań i odpowiedzi.

Kontynuuję zatem przykładowe pytania, jakie możecie usłyszeń podczas tzw. rozmowy wstępnej na maturze ustnej z języka angielskiego.
Source: Pearson.

Na tę część egzaminu przeznacza się około dwóch minut. Celem rozmowy wstępnej jest 'rozgrzewka' językowa, oswojenie się z sytuacją i 'mentalne' przygotowanie do dalszej części egzaminu :)

Myślę, że warto sobie zerknąć na przykłady pytań i odpowiedzi, a nuż trafi się Wam coś podobnego? :)

ŻYWIENIE
  • Have you ever been on a diet? Why? Why not?
  • Yes, I have been on a diet many times. Why? Well, why do people go on diets? I think the answer is quite obvious... to lose some weight. 
  • What kind of food is good for you? Why?
  • I like all kinds of food. However, I think that even if you like something and you are aware that it is not healthy, then you just need to avoid it. That's why I feel fruit and vegetables are better for me. Besides, they contain antioxidants (przeciwutleniacze) that protect our organism.
  • Why do people love fast food?
  • I guess there are two basic reasons why people like fast food. Firstly, it's fast food. Secondly, it's tasty. Moreover, people have become too lazy to fight their addiction to (uzależnienie od) fast food.
  • What do you usually have for lunch?
  • I usually have some sandwich and a cup of tea. I often eat an apple or some other fruit later. I am usually at school at lunchtime so my options of organizing something better than this are limited.
  • Do you think young people should learn to cook? Why? Why not?
  • Of course, they should. If everyone learnt to cook, they would appreciate (docenić) their own meals rather than some fatty (tuczące) fast foods. The other reason why cooking is a great skill is that you can always impress (robić wrażenie na) others. It's a very good skill for men if they want to impress the opposite sex (przeciwną płeć).  
  • How many meals should we eat every day? Why?
  • I believe that three meals a day is just enough. What is more important, however, is that we eat regularly and control what we eat. These simple rules guarantee (gwarantują) that we don't put on (przybierać na) weight too quickly.
  • Do you ever eat meals at school? Why? Why not?
  • Yes, I do eat meals at school. We are lucky to have our own canteen (stołówka) that offers very good meals at really reasonable (rozsądny) prices. Wouldn't it be unwise (niemądre) if I didn't seize (wykorzystać) this opportunity?
  • Is chocolate good for people? Why? Why not?
  • I am of the opinion that chocolate is good for people as long as (pod warunkiem że) you know where to stop eating it. Many people simply can't control their greed (chciwość) and eat more and more each time, which results in them soon becoming overweight (otyli).  
  • Where can you find information about healthy food?
  • It's not a problem these days, is it? If you really want to know about how caloric (kaloryczny) something is, you will have hundreds of websites on the Internet telling you everything about each product. If you don't have access (dostęp) to the Net, you can always go to a library and look things up in an encyclopaedia, etc.
  • Can the food you eat be bad for you? Why? Why not?
  • Of course, it can. It's just enough to look around and you will immediately understand that we eat today makes us grow fat and unless we start eating more consciously (świadomie), we'll end up (skończymy) suffering from overweight and lots of diseases (choroby) resulting from our obesity (otyłość). The food that is sold to us and consumed by us is often modified and has many preservatives (konserwanty). Besides, people in the so called 'developed' countries suffer from prosperity (dobrobyt), also in terms of food supply (podaż żywności) and hence (stąd) from overeating (przejedzenie)
Any comments?

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Rozmowa wstępna z jęz. angielskiego... Przykłady pytań i odpowiedzi.

Dzisiaj nabazgrzę coś po naszemu :) Dużymi krokami zbliżają się egzaminy maturalne, w tym z angielskiego, więc warto - jeśli ktoś tego jeszcze nie uczynił - wziąć się ostro do roboty i zacząć analizować krok po kroku egzamin pisemny i ustny.
Source: Pearson.


Dzisiaj - i w kolejnych kilku postach - będę podawał przykłądy pytań na tzw. 'rozmowie wstępnej', jakich możecie się spodziewać na maturze ustnej z języka angielskiego. Jak pamiętacie, na tę część egzaminu przeznacza się około dwóch minut.

Myślę, że warto sobie zerknąć na przykłady pytań i odpowiedzi, a nuż trafi się Wam coś podobnego? :)

KULTURA
  • What kind of films do you like? Why?
  • There are many films I like. For sure, I like feature films (filmy długometrażowe). I have watched a few independent films (film niskobudżetowy) and they were also quite good. I don't mind watching a good documentary (film dokumentalny). In fact, a lot depends on who the film director (reżyser) is. Why do I like these films? It's hard to give just one reason. I think that I like films for their plots, characters, special effects and acting. 
  • Do you often go to the theatre? Why? Why not?
  • No, I don't often go to the theatre. Why? Well, there are three main reasons which contribute (przyczyniają się) to my not being a theatre-goer (miłośnik teatru). The first one is the distance; the nearest theatre is 120km away from where I live. The second thing is lack of time; and the third is the price of tickets.
  • What book have you read recently? Can you tell me about it?
  • Lately, I have read the book entitled "Proof of Heaven". It's a very interesting book on how a once skeptical (sceptyczny) neurosurgeon (neurochirurg) experienced his own near-death experience (doświadczenie śmierci). Alexander's recovery (powrót do zdrowia) seems to be a miracle (cud). It's a really great book and I do recommend reading it.
  • Why is reading books not popular with young people?
  • I guess, young people prefer using the Internet these days. Reading books is time consuming and books themselves are not that cheap. Many people would ask the question "Why should I spend days with my nose in the book if I can quickly get familiarized with what that book is about on the Net?" To my mind, accessibility (dostępność) of the Internet is the main reason why young people don't read books.
  • What kind of music do you enjoy the most? Why?
  • It's a tough question. I don't have any particular kind of music I like the most. There are different kinds that appeal to me but I can't say this or that one is my favorite. I don't mind listening to classical music, old classic rock hits, reggae, ethnic and even folk. Why? Well, I like different pieces for different things... sometimes it's the beat, sometimes it's the lyrics, and sometimes both.  
  • Have you ever been to the opera? Why? Why not?
  • Unfortunately, I haven't been to the opera yet. Whenever I am given an opportunity to go to the theatre or to the opera, I generally choose the theatre. Perhaps, this is why I haven't tried the opera yet. However, I hope that one day I'll just choose the opera to experience it live (na żywo).
  • What do you think about modern paintings?
  • I am not into (nie interesuję się) paintings, to be honest. What is more, I don't understand modern paintings. I often wonder (zastanawiam się) what people see in - what seems to me - an offhand (od niechcenia) drawing of something that doesn't look too complicated... I often feel I could do equally (równie) well when I see many modern paintings. Old paintings seem to talk to me more.
  • Why has graffiti become so popular?
  • The reason for the popularity of graffiti is in its message. It's a form of art that allows self-expression. Besides, many people believe that the forbidden (zakazany) fruit tastes the sweetest... Creating, but also viewing graffiti may give you a euphoric adrenaline rush (euforyczny przypływ adrenaliny), which is what you usually won't experience in an art gallery. 
  • Would you like to be a member of a music band? Why? Why not?
  • Sure, I would. I can play the guitar so it would be wonderful to feel part of a band. When you're in a band, you can do more with others than on your own. Besides, you have a sense of belonging and this, in turn, triggers (wyzwala) your motivation and desire (pragnienie) to play for others.
  • How important is television in your life? Why?
  • I am afraid I will give you a very original answer. Television is not important for me at all. I have got rid of (pozbyć się) my TV set and since then I have felt freer! I don't waste so much time being glued (przylepiony) to the screen and being fed (karmiony) with depressing news. Now, I enjoy doing other things much more and, I may say, my life has generally gained on its quality (zyskało na jakości).
Any comments?

Sunday, March 24, 2013

What is Palm Sunday?

Hello! Why is this day special? Well, it might not be special for many, but it is for me :) Today we remember the 'triumphal entry' of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem. It happened just one week before His resurrection.
Palms in Łyse. Source: http://www.gminalyse.pl

I am happy to live near one of the most popular places where Palm Sunday is celebrated in a very special way. The name of the place is Łyse. Here you can go and take a look at their website devoted to palms and this special day.

Łyse - on a day like this - becomes one of the most colorful places in Poland. The rebirth of this Kurpie tradition attracts very many people to this normally peaceful village from Poland and abroad. Visitors to Łyse include representatives of diplomacy, politics, culture and science. Today, it's not just a church holiday but also a great and attractions abundant folk event. If you come to Łyse on Palm Sunday, not only can you admire a wonderful procession with huge palms but you can also enjoy a range of fairs (e.g. a folk art fair or a regional publishers' fair). You can also attend occasional exhibitions (including a special exhibition of rewarded palms), you can watch and listen to folk bands, taste some of the local cuisine and, of course, buy yourself a minature regional palm. 

This is what Matthew says happened on the day: "They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: ‘Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Hosanna in the highest!’”

That's why we remember this event and celebrate Palm Sunday. It is referred to as Palm Sunday because of palm branches that were laid on the road as Jesus rode the donkey into Jerusalem.

Palm Sunday Calendar:
2013 = March 24
2014 = April 13
2015 = March 29

Saturday, March 23, 2013

Phobias & manias: necrophobia

This is a word you will probably know as it is recognizable in many languages. Anyhow, let's take a closer look at the word for today which is...

NECROPHOBIA

This word refers to a fear of corpses; in Polish we have almost the same word and it is nekrofobia. This is how you pronounce the word NECROPHOBIA.


A few examples from the Internet:
  • Has anyone ever suffered from necrophobia? I've had problems with this when I was younger, but not over the last couple of years or so.
  • Ingmar Bergman himself suffered from necrophobia, making this film in...
  • Larkin suffered from necrophobia and this is thus reflected in poems such as Ambulances where he passionately talks about his underlying...
  • ...the person who suffers from necrophobia will often avoid watching movies or television in...
  • Jack suffers from necrophobia, the fear of death, after his exposure to...
  • He suffers from necrophobia, the irrational fear of death and dead things...           
What are the most common symptoms of necrophobia?
  • a feeling of uncontrollable anxiety (niekontrolowany niepokój) when you think about or are exposed to (narażony na, wystawiony na) death
  • the feeling that you must do everything possible to avoid (unikać) death
  • the inability (niezdolność) to function normally because of your anxiety
  • the knowledge that your fears are unreasonable (nieuzasadnione) or exaggerated (przesadzone) but feeling powerless to control them

My question to you:
How do people develop necrophobia?

Friday, March 22, 2013

Birds: magpie

Hi! Today, for a reason hardly known to me, I want to write something about a certain bird. It's a...


MAGPIE

This word refers to a long-tailed black-and-white bird that has a chattering call and is known for its mischievous habits :) In Polish we call the bird sroka. This is how you pronounce the word magpie.

What is also interesting is that we can use this word to refer to a person who is talkative (gaduła).

A few interesting facts about magpies:
  • Magpies live between 8 and 15 years!
  • They lay from 5 to 8 eggs.
  • This bird can be found all across Europe, in Asia and the north-western part of Africa.
  • Half of a magpie's size (i.e. 25cm) is its tail.
  • It's one of very few birds which recognizes itself in a mirror!
  • This is wonderful that common magpies have just one partner throughout their entire lives!
  • The bird is known for collecting shiny objects, that's why we often think of magpies as 'thieves' :)
  • Male magpies have longer tails :)         



My question to you:
Is there anything else you can say about magpies? Are you a magpie?

Thursday, March 21, 2013

The first day of calendar spring! At last!

Hello on the first day of calendar spring! After such a long period of cold, I guess everyone longs for this wonderful season to bloom at last...  
Daffodil. Source: Flickr.

Why do I like spring so much?

First of all I like it for its power to make everything green! All the flowers start blooming, all the trees and grass become green and the world is becoming so beautiful and full of life again!

Secondly, you can finally get rid of all this heavy clothing and breathe in the wonderful spring air that gives you strength, freshness and vigor. You feel so free not being bundled up!

Thirdly, you can enjoy listening to all the birds tweeting in the morning. Isn't it lovely to wake up to their beautiful spring melodies. These are the best hits ever! When you wake up to one of these songs, you feel like this really makes your day off to a good start.

You can also open all the windows in your flat/house and let spring fill your place with all its fragrance, its freshness and its newness...

It's never too cold or too hot; the weather feels just perfect to go out and take a stroll to the park admiring the beauty of the reviving world.

For winter's rains and ruins are over,
And all the season of snows and sins;
The days dividing lover and lover,
The light that loses, the night that wins;
And time remembered is grief forgotten,
And frosts are slain and flowers begotten,
And in green underwood and cover
Blossom by blossom the spring begins.
Algernon Charles Swinburne  (1837–1909)
Atalanta in Calydon (1865)

What are your other reasons for liking spring?

Tuesday, March 19, 2013

Have you been to Japan or Korea?

Today I feel I need to talk about Japan and Korea... South Korea to be specific as I have already produced some post on North Korea some time ago...

Again, these countries seem very exotic for us... Europeans... I haven't been to any of these countries, but I would love to hear from you on these two countries. Maybe you had an opportunity to visit either Japan or Korea...

Source: http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/722296

Anyhow, I still would like to say a few things about each country. What we know Japan for are its electronic gadgets. Everybody knows such Japanese brands as Nikon, Canon, Yamaha, Nintendo or Casio... What I also know about Japan is that people there enjoy a high standard of living and Japan is one of the world's richest countries in the world...

Korea, which is Japan's neighbor is split into North and South Korea. I don't want to talk about North Korea. it's a sad country and, as I have already said, there is a post on my blog on this country. South Korea is as successful a country as Japan. Many of us use popular Korean brands such as Samsung, Hyundai, LG, Kia or Daewoo.

South Korea is one of the largest sellers of material. Maybe this is one of the reasons why South Korean people wear so colorful clothes. 

I think we know Hyundai mostly as a South Korean car manufacturer. I was surprised to learn that the Hyundai shipyard is the biggest one in the world and most of Asia ships are built right there.

Japanese chirashi-sushi. Source: Flickr.


Now, a few other things about Japan... The other day I was having a conversation about hard working people and we immediately jumped to Japan as people work really hard and a lot there. That's why they even have a word for death caused by overwork, i.e. karoshi. This is what Japanese people are known for worldwide... What we don't know is that one of the most popular Japanese hobbies is mountain climbing. There are quite a few stunning mountain ranges and people take advantage of them and keep fit this way.  Japanese people are also know for their longevity. I think it's thanks to their healthy diet of fish.

Have you been to Japan or South Korea? What are your stories? Please share here! TIA

Monday, March 18, 2013

Would you like to spend your holidays in India?

I am not sure... I was once interested in to going to India as I was very curious what it would be like to live there. From my perspective (I'm writing from Poland), India seems to be, and in fact is, an exotic country. Not only is its culture different, but virtually all areas of life are different.

Source: Flickr.
I guess most people would be able to answer the question concerning the basic information on India. So, what is India's capital? Good! Delhi. Which languages are spoken there? Well, mainly English and Hindi plus there are fourteen other languages in use :)

Now... is India a safe country to be? I am not sure about it as there are many attacks on religious grounds there, especially in the state of Gujarat, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.  Take a look here and here... 
On the positive side, what is very inviting is the cost of living. You don't need more than 15 USD a day to happily live thru the day.


Besides, it's important to be aware that most people in this country follow the Hindu and Buddhist religions. In fact, the country is the birthplace of these religions. Having this in mind, you have to be careful about certain things... First of all, cows are holy to Hindus. They believe that there are some 330 million Hindu gods and goddesses in a cow. 


What shocks me personally is that women in India can marry at a very young age. Parents choose the right person for their girl much earlier. It must be a person from the highest caste.
Sari. Source: Flickr.

Indian curry. Source: Flickr.
Women in India wear very expensive silk saris. Men wear Dhotis... This way of clothing is the part of Vedic culture in India. People wear this dressing to feel comfortable. India is a tropical country so saris and Dhotis allow air to pass through and keep the body cool, which prevents intense sweat.

The most popular Indian dish is probably curry. In fact, it is popular around the world. You have to use spices in a curry:
  • lentils (soczewica)
  • ginger (imbir)
  • coriander (kolendra)
  • Naan bread (płaski chleb drożdżowy z białej mąki)
  • spicy potatoes
What else do you know about India? Have you been to India? How was it? Would you like to go there?

Sunday, March 17, 2013

What should we know about St Patrick's Day?

Hi! Do you know what special day it is today? It is...

Source: Flickr.
St Patrick's Day!

How much do we know about this day?

First of all we should know that St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. What is interesting, however, is that he was born in Britain. 

He was born around 385 AD to Roman parants Calpurnius and Conchessa. We don't know exactly where they were living, but the rumor has it they could have lived either in Scotland or Wales :) 
His life wasn't a bed of roses because when he was 14 years old he was captured and taken to Ireland. There he had to spend 6 long years in slavery. His job was herding sheep. 

He then managed to leave the island and returned to Ireland when he was in his 30s. This time, however, he returned a s a missionary to the Celtic pagans. It is believed that Patrick used the native shamrock as a symbol of the Holy Trinity when he was explaining to the pagans what God is. What is more, we should know that Patrick brought Latin to Ireland.

Patrick was a saint man and he was able to work miracles such as driving serpents out of Ireland. I am not sure if it's true or not because scientists say that post-glacial Ireland never had any snakes in the first place...
 
What should we wear on a day like today? Well, the answer is... whatever you wish... :) but it must be green! This is one of the ways we can commemorate St Patrick's use of the shamrock. There is also another color people often forget, i.e. blue... because it was the original color of Patrick's vestments.

So... if you wished to commemorate Patrick with some green beer toast, you should say the following:

May the roof above us never fall in, and may we friends beneath it never fall out.

St Patrick is said to have died on March 17 in 461AD. It is a national holiday in Ireland. Few people know this is also a special day on the island of Montserrat in the Caribbean as it was founded by Irish refugees. 

Is anything special going on today in Dublin? Of course! There is a parade that attracts hundreds of thousands of people! Take a look at what Dublin has to offer these days!

Any comments?

Saturday, March 16, 2013

The other day I was asked how to say WYMUSKANY

The other day I was asked how to say 'wymuskany'... We were talking about appearance with one of my students and I was asked this. This is an interesting word and I'd like to share it with you as well... The word is:

SPIFFY
Brad Pitt. Source: http://www.crushable.com

My personal experience:
To be honest I rarely look really spiffy these days. Only on special occasions do I wear a suit and tie. My style changed a few years ago and today I generally wear casual clothes... I feel more comfortable and I do hope I still look neat :) Up to 2005 I had been wearing suits, shirts and ties non-stop. Then, something happened and I just jumped into blouses, T-shirts and jeans.

A few examples from the Internet:
  • I looked really spiffy tonight...
  • Anna sparkled and Stephen looked spiffy on the Red Carpet.
  • Everyone was extremely nice and friendly and looked spiffy wearing white hats.
  • American designer Marc Jacobs looked spiffy at the British Fashion Awards held in London last night.
  • I didn't recognize him as he had gotten new clothes and looked so spiffy and even had a cell phone due to his driving business having taken off so well.   

My question to you:
Do you often have to look spiffy? What do you usually wear to look spiffy?

Friday, March 15, 2013

What do you think of mountaineering?

Hey! What's your opinion about mountaineering? Is this something you could do yourself? Do you think that people who try climbing once, immediately catch the climbing bug (złapać bakcyla)?
Broad Peak. Source: Kogo

Today I wanted to give a few words connected with mountaineering:
  • rock face - ściana skalna
  • fissure - szczelina
  • ledge - półka
  • anorak - skafander
  • chimney - komin
  • belay - blok skalny, autoasekuracja
  • rope sling - pętla asekuracyjna
  • rope - lina
  • spur - listwa skalna
  • ice slope - ściana lodowa
  • ice axe - czekan
  • snow - goggles - gogle
  • cornice - nawis śnieżny
  • ridge - grań
  • glacier - lodowiec
  • crevasse - szczelina w lodowcu
  • snow bridge - most śnieżny
  • leader - prowadzący
  • second man - drugi na linie
  • third man - trzeci na linie
  • general-purpose piton - uniwersalny hak skalny
  • ice piton - hak lodowy wkręcany
  • drive-in ice piton - hak lodowy wbijany
  • screwgate - zatrzask karabinka
  • snow gaiters - ochraniacze śniegowe
My personal experience:
As I said in one of my previous posts... I am not a mountaineer, not even a hiker. I was in the mountains once in my life. I was in the High Tatras two years ago in a lovely place in Slovakia called Gerlachov. We spent a great week in a rented house just at the foot of Gerlach Peak (Gerlachovsky stit - 2,654.4 m). The views were just out of this world! We went hiking every day and climbed lower mountains in the vicinity. I probably had never walked so much in my whole life. Mountains are beautiful and I do admire those who are professional mountaineers. The High Tatras are beautiful and so powerful! That trip taught me to respect the mountains and made me realize what weak creatures people are.


Thursday, March 14, 2013

We have a new Pope!

March 13, 2013 will obviously be remembered as a great day for the Catholic Church and, hopefully, the world. I am so happy because we have a new Pope! What is more I really like the new one. For some reason he really made a very positive impression on me. I am also happy that the Holy Spirit played a trick on all bet takers and speculators.

I was there at St Peter's Square mentally and wished I had been there among those tens of thousands of rain-drenched pilgrims who were joyously cheering the new leader of the church. The new Pope had chosen his name Francis, which immediately makes us think of St Francis of Assisi. Will the new Pope follow the values of the poor man from Assisi?
Jorge Mario Bergoglio. Source: Flickr.

I watched this very calm and composed man standing and then greeting the exuberant crowd from the balcony of St Peter's Basilica.

I have a feeling many people were really puzzled when the name of Argentinian Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was announced... I am therefore even happier that God always finds His own ways that are not in line with people's predictions, plans and what not.

It's amazing that the new Pope is from such a distant country - Argentina. I have a gut feeling the new Pope will set a new, beautiful and powerful way of leading the Church through his humble demeanor.

I am so happy it didn't take too long for the cardinals to finally produce the long-awaited white smoke from the Sistine Chapel and we do have the new pontiff!

Any comments?

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Why...?

Today, I want to produce a very short post, in fact... just a question:

Why do/did you (ever) come to this blog?
 

Tuesday, March 12, 2013

Matura ustna - Zadanie 3: kultura

Za chwilę wracamy do szkoły... więc dzisiaj, z myślą o maturzystach, temat związany ze szkołą :) Zapraszam do przestudiowania przykładu odpowiedzi do Zadania 3 matury ustnej z języka angielskiego.

Czas: 5 minut
OUP Photocopiable

Egzaminator: Read the task and think about what you'd like to say. You have about a minute to prepare.

[Po upływie około minuty, jeśli będzie taka potrzeba, egzaminator wbija się z tekstem następującym...]

Egzaminator: Can you start now?

[Teraz masz około dwóch minut, żeby uporać się z dwoma zadankami. Po pierwsze wybierasz jakiś obrazek z zestawu i uzasadniasz swój wybór. Po drugie wyjaśniasz dlaczego odrzucasz pozostałe obrazki.]

Zdający: My class have prepared a theatrical play and we're going to perform it to a wider audience. Hmmm... So I have been offered two types of halls. As I see, one of these halls is more professional than the other. Since I am a down-to-earth person, I think that the the room that could potentially and realistically affordable in our case is shown in the first picture. Besides, I don't think our performance could be so spectacular as to require such a professional hall. I believe the first picture is just appropriate for such an event. The room is perfectly adapted to put on our play. The number of chairs is probably adequate to the number guests. I'd definitely choose the first picture for its two major assets... It is cost-effective and it's convenient. The second picture, on the other hand, is too expensive, too posh and staging a play in such a room means performing a professional play, not a play prepared by amateur mates from school.


[Teraz przeczhodzimy do drugiej części tego egzaminu, w której egzaminator zadaje ci dwa pytania. Na tę część zadania masz około dwóch minut.]

Egzaminator: Thank you. I will now ask you two questions.

1. Which do you prefer, the theatre or the cinema? Why?
I think bot forms of entertainment are excellent. It just depends what you feel like doing on a particular day. Sometimes you want to watch a good movie and sometimes you need to experience this wonderful atmosphere of a theatre. Personally, I believe that watching a play in a theatre is much more exciting. You can admire the actors, how they play, you feel part of the whole performance as there is this amazing relationship between the audience and the actors. It's always a very unique experience. When you see a live performance it is much more valuable than just watching a film on screen. You feel this special sort of magnetism that each theatre offers. Besides live music is always a bonus, isn't it?


2. Why do you think people choose to become actors?
I think people become actors because they feel they could offer their skills and talents to other people. Many people feel that they are good at remembering scripts, they have some unique voices or feature of appearance that they can use in giving themselves to others. I think many people decide to become actor to become famous and to make money... if they're successful.   

Egzaminator: Thank you. This is the end of the exam.

Monday, March 11, 2013

The other day I was asked how to say RAKI and ALPINISTA...

The other day I was asked how to say 'raki' and 'alpinista'... We were talking about mountaineering, trekking, etc. Since this is an interesting word, I'd like to share these words with you too...
Crampons. Source: Flickr.

So let me just take you on a tour round the words to do with 'alpinizm'. There are a few ways you can refer to 'alpinizm': 

MOUTAINEERING
MOUNTAIN CLIMBING
ALPINISM 

The word for 'raki' is

CRAMPONS
lightweight crampons - raki lekkie
twelve-point crampons - raki 12-zębne
ten-point crampons - raki 10-zębne


Here, I have to pay tribute to the the team of Polish mountaineers who died in the winter expedition to Broad Peak in the Himalayas... The team conquered the 8,047 meter peak on March 5 2013 but two of them, i.e. Maciej Berbeka and Tomasz Kowalski went missing on their way down. Although I am not a person who is in any special way keen on mountaineering, I have to say, I am in awe of all mountaineers who demonstrate such courage and determination to achieve the goals of their truly genuine passion.

Source: http://polskihimalaizmzimowy.pl/
Source: http://polskihimalaizmzimowy.pl/



















May they rest in peace!


Sunday, March 10, 2013

The other day I was asked how to say MIEJSCÓWKA

The other day I was asked how to say 'miejscówka'... We were talking about means of transport and traveling. In one of the dialogues, my interlocutor asked for the word...

SEAT RESERVATION 

My personal experience:
I used to commute to secondary school for four long years. The distance I covered every working day was exactly 40 kilometers... I traveled by bus all year round and it was a really fatiguing period of time for me. I had to get up at 5 a.m. every morning to catch the 5.30 bus. The journey took one hour... sometimes longer. Sometimes the bus broke in the middle of nowhere and I didn't manage to get to school at 8 a.m. It was the leas of my worries if it happened in summer... but these dilapidated buses often broke in winter, especially when it was freezing outside... Mind you, I was traveling on an old articulated Ikarus and even the so called 'ogórek' (cucumber). Anyhow, when I was commuting with a friend, and when he managed to get on the bus earlier, I often had my seat reserved for me. The route I had each morning was pretty busy and crowded with people so it wasn't easy to have a seat reservation. I often stood on the bus throughout the trip. I was often so tired that I failed to wake up before my destination. As a result, a few times I woke up in a place far away from home and... if I had cash... I could come back home on a different bus, when I was broke... I had to organize myself somehow... And mind you, there were no mobiles then, no cash cards or anything else youngsters have today. Anyway, it was always a pleasure to have a seat reservation :)

My question to you:
Have you ever commuted? How far? What are your memories?

Saturday, March 9, 2013

What is it like to live in Scandinavia?

Hi! It's such a great feeling to know it's Saturday at last! However, even today, I have to go and participate in some training. Still, it's some sort of relaxation at the end of the week for me...
Norway fjords. Source: Flickr.

Today I wanted to talk about Scandinavia. What is Scandinavia?

It's a region in northern Europe which includes Norway, Sweden, Denmark and sometimes Finland, Iceland and the Faeroe Islands.

Finnish sauna. Source: Flickr.
Why Scandinavia today? Well, this post is inspired by some news I read somewhere the other day. It said that very few people were interested in free land given away in Sweden. There were five plots and, if I remember correctly, no Swedish citizen went for it, only after some time four Polish families decided to seize that 'opportunity'.

Denmark. Source: Flickr.
The questions are... What land is this that nobody wants it? Are Scandinavian countries worth moving to? Would you like to live there?

On the one hand, I think it would be great to live there although I would worry about two or three things... The first one is employment. Would there be any decent job for me, a person who doesn't speak any of the languages spoken there. Secondly, I am not quite sure how I would find myself out there. I have always had a feeling that Scandinavian countries are sort of alienated and live their own hermetic lives... Thirdly, I am not sure about the weather there. What is so tempting though is the fact that many Scandinavians enjoy a high standard of living. I know that many can afford to buy or rent another house in the mountains or by the sea. They have their lovely 'holiday huts' to which they escape at weekends...

Of course, I am aware that my image of Scandinavian countries is probably distorted as I don't know enough about them, although I went to Boras, Sweden and to Seinajoki, Finland.

My question to you:
What is it like to live in Scandinavia?   



Friday, March 8, 2013

How often are the cards stacked against you?

Hi there! Today I have a very life-related issue to discuss... Have you ever looked back at your life so far and wondered how many times things simply didn't go your way? If you haven't... do it now and think...
Source: Flickr.

How often did you have the cards stacked against you?

I guess, everybody has similar experiences and there are always plenty of those situations when the cards stacked against you... Alright, I myself don't believe in cards and I don't play very often. However, when you come to think of those card games you played, you must have experienced situations in which you just didn't have the right cards to be able to win the game. Well... the same is in life...

The expression refers to those situations in life that are not very likely to succeed because there are many problems or difficulties on the way that make reaching your goal hard or even impossible.

The opposite expression would be

the cards are stacked in favor of sth/sb   

Anyway, I'd love to hear from you on your experiences when you had the cards stacked either against ot in favor...

Thursday, March 7, 2013

Do you have the powers of persuasion or...?

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cj6yfzx



Hi there! I have a great idiom for you today! 



There are so many different people around us. It's so amazing! However, some of us become leaders and some not. Some of us have the powers of persuasion (siłę przekonywania) and can easily talk others into (przekonać) doing things which are not always right. On the other hand, there are people whose ideas always

GO DOWN LIKE A LEAD BALLOON

What does this idiom mean? Well, first of all it's an informal idiom and may be used to talk about something that is very unsuccessful or something that is not accepted by others. In Polish we would translate it as "okazać się niewypałem", "zawieść", "nie zostać przyjętym".

I really like this idiom as it is so logical and once you imagine a lead (ołowiany) balloon, you immediately understand the idea it conveys. Balloons usually go up in the air since they are light whereas a lead balloon will always go down as it's heavy... 

A few examples from the Internet:
  • My joke about the alcoholic went down like a lead balloon.
  • That sort of joke never makes people laugh and on this occasion it went down like a lead balloon.
  • What I've been pondering is what on earth can I say in Brighton that is not going to go down like a lead balloon.
  • If something goes down like a lead balloon, it fails or is extremely badly received.
  • Big Australia vision goes down like a lead balloon.     
My question to you:
How to be more persuasive? Do you use any specific techniques? Is it true that women are more likely to have the powers of persuasion than men and their ideas hardly ever go down like a lead balloon?   

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

A few questions about the Arctic and Antarctica...

Since we still have winter, let's just talk about some wintry stuff today... (although the weather outside is really springlike...) Anyhow, I have done my little research and have the following questions now:
Source: Flickr.

What do you call the people who live in the icy lands of the Arctic North?

What is the name of the coldest continent? It's a huge continent lashed by freezing blizzards and gales. Temperatures there could kill you instantly as they're often as low as -89 C! This is how the British expedition led by Captain Scott ended when his team froze to death on their trek home...

What do you call the continent that was the last one to be explored? I may tell you that the first successful expedition took place in 1911 and Roald Amundsen was the leader then.

What is the name of the city that is located 200 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle? This Russian city is a port and lies on the Kola Bay, not far from Russia's borders with Norway and Finland.
Source: Flickr.

Where do penguins live, in the Arctic or the Antarctic?

What are Ski-doos?

What do you call a narrow stretch of sea that separates northern Asia from North America?

Looking forward to your answers!




Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Matura ustna - Zadanie 3: podróżowanie i turystyka

Za chwilę wracamy do szkoły... więc dzisiaj, z myślą o maturzystach, temat związany ze szkołą :) Zapraszam do przestudiowania przykładu odpowiedzi do Zadania 3 matury ustnej z języka angielskiego.
OUP Photocopiable

Czas: 5 minut

Egzaminator: Read the task and think about what you'd like to say. You have about a minute to prepare.

[Po upływie około minuty, jeśli będzie taka potrzeba, egzaminator wbija się z tekstem następującym...]

Egzaminator: Can you start now?

[Teraz masz około dwóch minut, żeby uporać się z dwoma zadankami. Po pierwsze wybierasz jakiś obrazek z zestawu i uzasadniasz swój wybór. Po drugie wyjaśniasz dlaczego odrzucasz pozostałe obrazki.]

Zdający: It's a great topic to discuss. I love traveling and it is always a great feeling to be able to choose your holiday destination (miejsce na wakacje)

Here, I see two quite distinctive (różne) offers. The first one concerns (dotyczy) holidays on a paradise island (rajska wyspa) while the other one invites us to go for the adventure of a lifetime (przygoda życia).

Personally, I'd choose the first holiday type although it's not the best offer I've ever seen, but since I am to choose something, I'd prefer to spend my holidays on an island, especially on a paradise island :) This holiday type seems to be more relaxing and more exotic for me. I could stay at a hotel, I'd eat at top class restaurants (w wysokiej klasy restauracjach), I could enjoy nature (cieszyć się przyrodą), go on foot around the island, I could go sightseeing (zwiedzanie) and really get pleasure from (cieszyć się) being there.

I'm rejecting (odrzucam) the second offer as it does not appeal to me (nie przemawia do mnie) at all. First of all, I feel put off (zniechęcony) by the landscape (krajobraz) in the picture. I don't find being on a desert (na pustyni) a very attractive experience. Furthermore, I'm not sure if I'd really like to have the adventure of a lifetime if it were to happen on a desert like this. 

When I think of holidays, I like to think that this is the time when I relax, recover (zdrowieć) and recharge (ponownie odzyskać siły) my body and spirit rather than worry how to survive another day.        

[Teraz przeczhodzimy do drugiej części tego egzaminu, w której egzaminator zadaje ci dwa pytania. Na tę część zadania masz około dwóch minut.]

Egzaminator: Thank you. I will now ask you two questions.

1. Why do you think so many people like beach holidays?
I think there are many reasons for liking beach holidays. Isn't is sheer pleasure to be out in the sun and play in the water? When you are tired you just sit on sand and listen to the relaxing and soothing sound of waves crashing.  This is the best way you can think of to chill out and relax.

2. Is travel always educational? Why/Why not?
Hmm... It depends on what sort of person you are and what your destination is. If you're a curious and open person who loves visiting new places and learning new things, then you will always find something education on any journey. On the other hand, if you just go somewhere for the sake of going there or if you visit some place only to impress your friends afterwards, I am afraid you are not likely to learn much.  

Egzaminator: Thank you. This is the end of the exam.

Monday, March 4, 2013

...that Monday morning feeling...

Monday again...  Today I want to share one wonderful idiomatic expression with you. The one I have for today concerns Mondays. Take a look and try to remember it!

  • that Monday morning feeling
What does it mean? Well, this idiom refers to the feeling most of us have when a new week back at work starts... Then we feel sort of sad and gloomy, maybe pressed down a bit.
Source: Flickr.

A few examples from the Internet:
  • The reason being that I had that Monday Morning feeling and was heading outside of Sydney city centre to get to...
  • Ever had that Monday morning feeling that can extend even to Wednesday...?
  • Since going fully freelance, I have never had that 'Monday Morning' feeling'...
  • Wishing you all a wonderful day even though it is that Monday morning feeling of "oh no its work again for the week".
  • The problem many people face is that “Monday morning feeling”. I get it too.   
My question to you: 
    Do you ever face that Monday morning feeling? Any advice not to experience it next Monday?                    

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