In Polish we also have almost the same word, i.e. 'wandal'.In my area I often see many signs of vandalism, especially on Monday morning when I drive to work... It is so sad that many people do not respect other people's or public property.
What are the causes of vandalism? I guess the most common cause is just being under the influence... But in many cases, by destroying property vandals also demonstrate their racist or religious hatred (nienawiść). In many other cases it is just ill-founded jealousy (chora zazdrość), which is often the result of bad parenting. Sometimes people just are evil as they were born that way... When it comes to graffiti... it is slightly different, as vandals often think of themselves as 'rebellious artists' (buntowniczy artyści) and want to show their different point of view and be respected by their peers through acts of destroying property by leaving their graffiti in places they should stay away from. They often cut through fences, slip past security to mark their presence...
HOMEWORK: Are there many vandals in your area? How should the problem of vandalism be solved in your opinion? What are the typical acts of vandalism in your area? What are the causes of vandalism in your place of living?